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William Hooper
1832 - 1902



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Calstock Archive Trust.

William Hooper was born April 29, 1832 in Harrowbarrow, Cornwall, England.
He was the son of John Hooper and Susan Rickard of Harrowbarrow, Cornwall, England.
William Hooper died August 7, 1902 in Ticonderoga, New York, USA. and is buried at Mt Hope Cemetery, Ticonderoga, New York. William was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

William Hooper arrived in New York, April 5, 1854 on the ship “William Tapscott”.
He was 22 years old and had about 10 pounds in his pockets. His first employment was with John Patterson, Middletown, Connecticut . He helped with the erection of the Baldwin plane factory. After this was completed he was then employed by the Chatham Cobalt & Nickel Mining Company. He supervised the erection of their mining, pumping and hoisting machines. He worked at Chatham Cobalt & Nickel Mining Company about 2 years.

In August of 1854 his wife to-be, Jane Ann Hoskins, arrived in New York in the company of her father, James Hoskins. Jane’s mother Elizabeth Hancock Hoskins remained at home in Calstock, England. Jane and her father arrived August 16, 1854 in New York on the ship “Sheridan”. Jane was 18 years old at the time. Jane Ann Hoskins and her father, James Hoskins, made their way to Middletown, Connecticut. William and Jane were married August 18, 1854 in Middletown, Connecticut by Pastor Lester Lewis of the First Baptist Church of Middletown as per William Hooper’s Family Bible.

In June 1856, William and his wife, Jane Ann and infant son, James Hooper returned to England. William and family remained there less than a year as his son, James, was sick the whole time .William worked at the Wheal Tonkin Tin Works, he assisted in the erection of a large engine at the plant. He also worked nearby putting in operation an overshot water-wheel and stamp mill which he had erected when he was almost eighteen years old.

William and family returned to the USA in 1857. He worked in Hartford, Connecticut for a short time, putting hoisting machinery in a large wholesale store. The Chatham Cobalt & Nickel Mining Company asked him to return to his old position and he remained there for two years until the company closed.

He worked again for John Patterson for a very short time. His next employment was with the Passaic Copper Mining Company near Newark, New Jersey to erect their works. The Hunterdon Copper Mining Company wanted to hire him, so the Passaic Copper Mining Company loaned him to the Hunterdon Company. William had both of these works successfully running until the Civil War broke out in 1861. The works were temporarily suspended but the Passaic Copper Mining Company continued to pay William his salary to ensure that he would be there when the works started up again.

After a few months, however, William could not stand being unemployed. So he went to Warren, New Hampshire to help his brother-in-law, Samuel Truscott on works at the silver and lead mine owned by Mr. Baldwin of Boston. The works had been built from his plans. He worked there for two years. Then he and his brother-in-law were going to join together at Bath, New Hampshire to erect a concentrating mill for a copper mine. But at the same time he got an offer to go and erect and take charge of crushing and concentrating works for the French Creek Copper Mining Company. He also got an offer from Horace Trumbull of the Passaic Zinc Works, New Jersey to come to Ticonderoga, New York to work with the American Graphite Company. He was assured by R. H. Manning, President of the company that if the Ticonderoga enterprise failed he would still have a place at the zinc mine.

In May of 1863, William came to Ticonderoga to erect the graphite works.
Joseph Dixon and Orestes Cleveland of The Dixon Ticonderoga Company were the first to mechanize pencil manufacturing: William Hooper, on behalf of American Graphite Company, devised the machinery that gave America its first graphite ore concentrating process.

In the History of Essex County, New York edited by H.P. Smith, published in 1885 - on page 403, the following is said of William Hooper of Ticonderoga, New York:
“William Hooper is a man of experience in the handling of minerals and ores. Under his supervision a large factory was built, put in operation, new processes of working the ore adopted, their principal features being the result of Mr. Hooper’s experience or inventive genius, and a very large business built up.”
“The Hooper Concentrator, this machine combines the panning and sluicing processes, long acknowledged to be the only true practical principal for concentrating ores, etc”

“In Mar of 1884, the contract to sell Hooper’s ore separator on this continent was purchased by New York parties who have been associated with Wall Bros, one of the largest glue manufacturers of Chicago and they had a large mining interest in the west.
Mr. Hooper’s machine is so far superior to anything else they had ever seen that they purchased the exclusive right to sell it in Colorado.” (Ticonderoga Sentinel newspaper Mar 21, 1884)

William Hooper had the capacity to understand the character of all the various ores and was successful in manipulating them to produce the best results. He also had the ability to supervise and to top it all off. William was an inventor; he held 13 USA patents for ore dressing and mining operations. He was the inventor of the revolving central discharge jig, In 1870, he patented his slimmer and concentrator. The machine was used in Colorado, Utah and Mexico. The machine was made in Ticonderoga, New York.

In the 1880’s, William was superintendent of the American Graphite Company, Ticonderoga.. Her was also the owner of a foundry, machine shop and hardware store in Ticonderoga. Mr. D. C. Bascom was his partner in the hardware store. The foundries of William Hooper & Co. made a speciality in the manufacture of Hooper’s ore washers, crushers and other mining and mill machinery. It is said of the foundries that they used the best materials and that their style and durability of workmanship were unsurpassed.

William and Jane Ann Hooper had 8 children.
James R. Hooper born 1855 died 1871
Ellen Jane Hooper born June 18, 1857
Jessie Maude Hooper born Oct 3, 1858 died Feb 23,1881
Albert William Hooper born 1860 died 1878
George Henry Hooper born Mar 30, 1862 died Sept 1,1948
Anne Elizabeth Hooper born 1863 died 1864
Frank Cyrus Hooper born Sept 3, 1867 died 1954
Minnie Hooper, born Oct 13,1870 died 1948

Jan 16, 1872, Jane Ann Hoskins Hooper died . Two years later, William married Lucy Dryer. William and Lucy had no children.

William Hooper became a naturalized citizen of the United States of America, Oct 3 1876

William Hooper’s USA patents:

1. Patent # 101132
Issue date: March 22,1870
Improved ore-separator

2. Patent # 112919
Issue date: Mar 21,1871
Improvement in ore-separators

3. Patent # 139390
Filing date: Jan 21,1873
Issue date: May 27,1873
Improvement in ore-washers

4. Patent # 184378
Issue date: Nov 14,1876
Improvement in aprons for wet-ore separators

5. Patent # 190326
Filing date: Oct 27,1876
Issue date: May 1,1877
Improvement in apparatus for crushing, grinding and separating ore

6. Patent # 190323
Issue date: May 1,1877
Improvement in wet-ore separators

7. Patent # 196455
Issue date: Oct 23,1877
Improvement in dust-traps for ore-separators

8. Patent # RE9894
Issue date: Oct 18,1881
William Hooper, of Ticonderoga ,N.Y. assignor, by Mesne assignments to Elias C. Benedict, Henry M. Benedict and Gurdon Conkling, trustees for the Union Ore Concentrator Company
Jig for separating ore

9. Patent # 337683
Filing date: Aug 31,1885
Issue date: Mar 9,1886

10. Patent # 337684
Issue date: Mar 9,1886

11. Patent # 573594
Filing date: Sept 14,1895
Issue date: Dec 22,1896
Machine for jigging ore

12. Patent # 414706
Filing date: May 24,1889
Issued date: Nov 12,1889

13. Patent # 633456
Filing date: Feb 10,1898
Issue date: Sept 19,1889

William Hooper’s Family Bible
Passenger and Immigration lists
US Federal Censuses
William Hooper’s Obituary, Ticonderoga Sentinel, Aug 7 1902
The History of Essex County, New York. Edited by H.P . Smith 1885
Birth certificates
Death Certificates
USA Patent Office
National Archives and Records Administration.
Gravestones, Mt. Hope Cemetery, Ticonderoga, N.Y.



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